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Grammar 11 (Unit-5- Will and Be going to)

 Will and be going to

Unit-5: Life and Love (Page 48)

Will and be going to

A. Look at these examples.

A: Gita is in hospital.

B: Oh, really? I’ll go and visit her.

A: Gita is in hospital.

B: Yes, I know. I’m going to visit her this evening.

Rule

For planned future action we use is/am/are + going to + V1.

Be+ going to + V1 is used for the future action which is beyond our control or which is certain to happen.

For immediate or unplanned future action we use will+ v1.

Will + V1 is used in if sentences also.

B. Match the expressions in column A with their functions in column B.

a.       A: What do you want to take?

B: I’ll have tea, please.

b.       A: Are you free this evening?

B: No, I’m going to meet my uncle.

c.       The day will be lovely tomorrow.

d.       There is no cloud in the sky.

It’s going to be a lovely day.

e.       Don’t worry. I won’t tell anyone.

f.       I'll take you to the movies if you like.

g.       I’ll tell your parents what you did.

Answer:      a. Offering

                    b. Expressing a prior plan

                   c. Predicting a future action

                   d. Predicting with evidence

                   e. Promising

                   f. Deciding

                   g. Threatening

C. Choose the correct answer.

a. A: Are you busy this evening?

    B: Yes, I……………….the movies. (will go/am going to)

b. A: Where are you going for holiday this summer?

    B: Not sure yet. Maybe I………..to Ilam. (will go/am going to)

c. I think you……..like this movie. (will /are going to )

d. I can’t join you at the party, I………..be away for two weeks. (will /am going to)

e. This exercise looks really hard. I…………….help you. (will/am going to)

f. A: Hello. Can I speak to Sima, please?

   B: Just a minute. I………get her. (will/am going to)

g. Perhaps she………pass the exam. (will/is going to)

h. ‘I haven’t got my phone.’ ‘That’s OK. I………..lend you mine.’ (will/am going to)

D. Complete the sentences using will or be going to with the verbs.

a. Hari: Did you call Bina?

    Prem: Oh, I forgot. I………….her now. (call)lish: Grade 11

b. Sunita: Have you got a ticket for the play?

    Hema: Yes, I………….it on Saturday. (watch)

c. ‘The alarm is ringing. It’s making an awful noise.’ ‘OK, I……..it off.’ (switch)

d. Do you think they………the presents we got for them? (like)

e. ‘Lok is starting university tomorrow.’ ‘What………study?’ (he/study)

f. If I meet him, I………..him the news. (tell)

g. The phone is ringing. I………it. (answer)

h. If you don’t stop bullying her, I……….the teacher. (tell)

Answer:

a. will call

b. am going to watch

c. will switch

d. will like

e. is he going to study

f. will tell

g. will answer

h. will tell

Study the rules



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