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Tense (Grammar)


Do you know the idea of different forms of verbs?  Generally, there are five different forms of the verb in English. They are:















1.           Simple present:       S+V1/V5+O.

Negative:                 S+ do/does(not)+V1+O.

Question:                Do/does+S+V1+O?

2.           Present Continuous: S+ is/am/are+V4+O.

Negative:                 S+ is/am/are(not)+V4+O.

Question:                Is/Am/Are+S+V4+O?

3.           Present Perfect:        S+has/have+V3+O.

Negative:                 S+ has/have(not)+V3+O.

Question:                Has/Have+S+V3+O?

4.           Present Perfect Continuous: S+has/have+been+V4+O.

Negative:                 S+ has/have(not)+been+V4+O.

Question:                Has/ have+S+been+V4+O?



5.           Simple past:           S+V2+O.

Negative:                 S+ did (not)+V1+O.

Question:                Did+S+V1+O?

6.           Past Continuous:      S+ was/were+V4+O.

Negative:                 S+ was/were(not)+V4+O.

Question:                Was/were+S+V4+O?

7.           Past Perfect:            S+had+V3+O.

Negative:                 S+ had(not)+V3+O.

Question:                Had+S+V3+O?

8.           Past Perfect Continuous: S+had+been+V4+O.

Negative:                 S+ had(not)+been+V4+O.

Question:                Had+S+been+V4+O?


9.           Simple future:          S+will/shall+V1+O.

Negative:                 S+ will/shall (not)+V1+O.

Question:                Will/ shall+S+V1+O?

10.       Future Continuous: S+ will/shall+be +V4+O.

Negative:                 S+ will/shall(not)+be+V4+O.

Question:                Will/shall+S+be+V4+O?

11.       Past Perfect:            S+will/shall+have+V3+O.

Negative:                 S+will/shall+have(not)+V3+O.

Question:                Will/shall+have+S+V3+O?

12.       Past Perfect Continuous: S+will/shall+have+been+V4+O.

Negative:                 S+will/shall+ have(not)+been+V4+O.

Question:                Will/shall+S+have+been+V4+O?


You can read the situations in which those different aspects of tenses are used.


1. Simple Present Tense: S+V1/V5+O.

     Singular subject except (I) -He/She/It/Mira       -V5 

     Plural subject like I/We/You/They/ The girls     -V1

This tense is used to express:

a.    a. habitual actions/ regular or daily activities/ universal or general truth 

       We go to school. The sun rises in the east.

b.   btime table

        The bus leaves the bus park at 7 am. 

c. with the time adverbs like:

always, regularly, usually, sometimes, generally, often, seldom, occasionally, never, frequently, constantly, rarely, hardly, nowadays, daily, everyday/week/month/year, today, this day, these days etc.

Mohan goes to his office every day.


2. Present Continuous Tense: S+ is/am/are+V4+O

          Singular subject (He/She/It/A boy)     - is

          I                                                            - am

          Plural subject (We/You/They/The girls) - are

   This tense is used

 a. with the time adverbs

           now, still, at present, at the moment, at this time

           Ram is reading a book now.

b.      bafter imperative sentences

        Don’t speak loudly. He is writing an essay.


3. Present Perfect Tense:         S+has/have+V3+O.

     Singular subject (He/She/It/Ram/ A dog) - has

     I    - have

     Plural subject (We/You/They/The girls) - have

     This tense is used 

a.      with recent past actions which still have results

He has painted his house. It looks attractive.

         b. with the time adverbs:

                already, just, recently, yet, lately

                since + time point [since 2001]

                for + time period [ for 19 years]

                    He has already finished his homework.

·         c. to express interesting event or experience of life

                   I have been to Thailand.

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense: S+has/have+been+V4+O.

This tense is used to express the action that began in the past which is still going on.

          I have been living in Chitwan for ten years now.



5. Simple Past Tense: S+V2+O.

     This tense is used 

a.      with the time adverbs:

yesterday, ago, before, in 2007, in the past, last week/month/year etc.

I went to Morang last month.

6. Past Continuous Tense: S+ was/were+V4+O.

          Plural subject (We/You/They/ The boys)    -were              

          Singular Subject (I/He/She/It/A boy)          - was

This tense is used 

a.      with the past action which continued for some time

Mohan's father was working in the field.

b.     for the long action if there are two actions in the sentence (generally joined by when/while)

When she knocked at the door, I was cooking in the kitchen.

7. Past Perfect Tense: S+had+V3+O.

     This tense is used 

        a. for the action which was completed or happened before the latter action 

            in the past 

          Before the policeman came, the thieves had run away.           

8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: S+had+been+V4+O 

This tense is used to express very long action which happened in the past. 

He had been living in Dhading for 20 years in the past.


9. Simple Future Tense: S+will/shall+V1+O.

This tense is used

a.       a. to express simple future actions

    I will write a story.

  b. with these time adverbs:

         tomorrow, soon, shortly, in the future, in the coming days

         next week/month/year etc.

          He will go to Pokhara next month.

10. Future Continuous Tense: S+ will/shall+be+V4+O.

    This tense is used to express ongoing action in future

     I will be doing my homework at this time tomorrow.

11. Future Perfect Tense: S+ will/shall+ have+V3+O.

    This tense is used with by+future time

          By tomorrow/ by 2025AD etc

          By next year they will have completed the construction of the bridge.

12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense: S+will/shall +have+ been+ V4+O

     This tense is used with

By/before + future time and for + period of time

By next year we will have been living in Kathmandu for ten years.


Videos to check your competency in tense.





For Agreement CLICK HERE.

For exercise CLICK HERE

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