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Unit 15 (Grade 9) People and Lifestyle (Part II)

Unit 15 People and Lifestyle

Reading II

Look at the pictures below and guess the answers to these questions.

a.            Who are these people?

b.           What do you know about these people?


a. They are Rautes.

b. I know about these people from news and papers.

The Rautes (page 192)

A. Find the words from the text and fill in the cross word puzzle.


2. moving often from place to place - nomadic

3. existing over a large area - widespread

6. ruled by men - patriarchal

7. far-reaching - extensive

8. belonging to a particular place - indigenous


1. deserving praise - commendable

4. unusual or surprising - remarkable

5. noticeable - prominent

B.  Identify whether the following statements are true or false.

a.      The Rautes move from one place to another for their settlements.

b.      Rautes live in the far-western part of Nepal.

c.      One of the means of their survival is woodcraft.

d.      The maintenance of the nomadic culture is highly regarded.

e.      The Raute community is female-dominated.


a.    The Rautes move from one place to another for their settlements. True

b.      Rautes live in the far-western part of Nepal. False

c.      One of the means of their survival is woodcraft. True

d.      The maintenance of the nomadic culture is highly regarded. True

e.      The Raute community is female-dominated. False


C.   Answer the following questions.

a.         What is the common belief about the history of the Rautes?

b.         How do Rautes earn their living?

c.         How do Raute children spend their days?

d.         Why do the Rautes have good knowledge of the forest and its ecosystem?

e.         Is the task division between male and female Rautes fair? Why?

f.          What is special about the hunting skills of the Rautes?

g.         Name the festivals that the Rautes celebrate.

h.         What should modern people learn from the Rautes?


  1. a.      The common belief about the history of the Rautes is that they are the last fulltime nomads of Nepal and have survived into this century.
  2. b.     Rautes earn their living by crafting of wooden products and hunting monkeys.
  3. c.      Raute children spend their days by playing with natural objects and roaming around the settlement.
  4. d.     The Rautes have good knowledge of the forest and its ecosystem since it is a part of their job to search for medicinal herbs, firewood and vegetables in the jungle.
  5. e.      Yes, it is because the members are given tasks according to their ability and all of them are involved in some kind of work.
  6. f.       Around 8-30 young and middle aged Raute members go hunting in a group with their nets without guns or bows and arrows for hunting that is special about the hunting skills of the Rautes.
  7. g.      The festivals that the Rautes celebrate are Saune Sankranti, Dashain, Tihar, Chaite Dashain and Maghe Sankranti.
  8. h.   Modern people should learn to preserve their traditions, manage family and role of members, develop and use skills from the Rautes. 

  1. D.  How do cultures and traditions affect people's lifestyles? Discuss.


Culture is made-up of all of the things that happen in our life. Culture is defined by everything that goes on around the world including religion, language, cuisine, arts, music, literature, and more. Many things are affected by culture and traditions.


Growing up in a different culture and traditions inevitably has an impact on our way of life, most especially on our eating and life style. For instance, if you were raised in a Mediterranean culture, your diet would likely include of full grains, wholesome Latino meats, and seasonal veggies that are all good for your health. Because their cuisines are high in carbs and rich red meats, several other cultures, especially some in Europe, can have a negative impact on your health. Enjoy your culture and the unique cuisine it offers, but consider how you may change your dietary customs to promote heart health.


In some African tribes, for example, waking up and worrying about things like diseases (HIV, AIDS, malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever, etc.), getting clean water, or for that matter getting any water at all, getting food that is clean, being healthy, etc., is a daily occurrence. This is why culture has to do with stress. Whereas in America, stress is typically caused by very different things like school bullying, tests and quizzes, finding employment, making enough money to pay for a house and maintain a family, and many other things that in Africa seem like a simple way of life. Stress is greatly influenced by culture.

Grammar II

A.           Study the following conversation.

Binita :  Have you travelled a lot, Samir?

Samir :  Yes, I've been to lots of places.

Binita :   Really? Have you ever been to Sri Lanka?

Samir :   Yes, I've been to Sri Lanka once.

Binita :  What about China?

Samir :  No, I haven't been to China.

B.            Rewrite the following sentences with since or for. Use the clues in the brackets.

Example:    I know Samim. (I came to this school)

      I have known Samim since I came to this school.

a.              Pawan lives in Tanahun. (he was born)

b.             Subin is unemployed. (last January)

c.              Subash has a fever. (the last few days)

d.             I want to go to Lumbini. (I was in grade five)

e.              My brother is studying engineering. (three years)

f.               I am working in Bhanu Municipality. (last year)

g.             My cousin is in the army. (he was eighteen)

h.             They are waiting for the bus. (half an hour)

i.               Krish is doing his homework. (two hours)

j.               Pramila is going to dance classes. (a month)



  1. a.  Pawan has been living in Tanahun since he was born.
  2. b.     Subin has been unemployed since last January.
  3. c.      Subash has had a fever for the last few days.
  4. d.     I have wanted to go to Lumbini since I was in grade five.
  5. e.      My brother has been studying engineering for three years.
  6. f.       I have been working in Bhanu Municipality since last year.
  7. g.      My cousin has been in the army since he was eighteen.
  8. h.     They have been waiting for the bus for half an hour.
  9. i.        Krish has been doing his homework for two hours.
  10. j.       Pramila has been going to dance classes for a month.


Writing II (page 197)

Write an essay on the effects junk foods have on children. Use the clues given below.

Introduction to junk food  causes: advertising, lack of education, etc.

Negative / harmful effects of junk food on health (headache, heart attacks,  dental problems, high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, etc.)  Effects on the economy (more expenditure / extra burden to family, etc.)  Effects on other factors like socialisation, poor academic achievement, etc.



Junk food is not a healthy food to the health which every kid and children must know because they generally love to eat junk food. Every child and child should realize that junk food is not a nutritious food for the health because they typically enjoy to eat junk food. The children are not well educated as well as they have seen attractive advertisement, they take junk food. In order to educate school kids about junk food, essays about it are frequently assigned during essay-writing contests. Here, we've provided a few straightforward essays on junk food from which you can select depending on the word count you require.

Good health is the necessity of living a healthy life for every one of us which needs to maintain a healthy diet and healthy habits throughout the life. However, the custom of eating junk food in many is increasing day by day and making our future sad and diseased especially our future generations. Parents should be very conscious towards the eating habits of their kids and children because in the childhood they never know and decide their good or bad so it is parents who are fully responsible for the good or bad eating habits among their kids. They should train their kids about eating habits from childhood and make them clear about the differences between healthy and junk foods.

It has an impact on everyone's health, regardless of age, weight, or medical condition. Even though junk food is thought to be high in calories, those who eat it often feel hungry and need more food. Junk food doesn't provide you the right amount of energy, so you start to crave food more frequently.

Project work

Conduct a brief survey of one of the ethnic communities of your locality. Based on your study, prepare a short report about it including the following aspects.

Introduction – population and history – settlement areas – lifestyle – culture and festivals, etc.


For previous exercises CLICK HERE.

For Contents CLICK HERE.

For unit sixteen CLICK HERE.

Other notes

For class 6 CLICK HERE.

For unit 7 CLICK HERE.

For class 11 CLICK HERE.

For class 12 CLICK HERE.

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