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Unit 12 (Grade 9) People and Places (Part II)

Unit 12 People and Place

Reading II

Look at the picture below and guess the answers to the following questions.

a.       What are the two women doing?

Answer: One woman is doing household works whereas another woman is sitting and having hot drink.

b.      What do you think the relationship is between the two women?

Answer: The relationship between the two women is mistress and servant.


Madam and Her Madam (page 152)

A.    Match the following words/phrases in column A with their meanings in column B.

 Column A                Column B

a.  mean                      i.  not giving up easily

b.  get through           ii.  a horse that is used to carry heavy loads

c.  dinner                    iii. cease to function; collapse

d.  break down          iv. unkind

e.  pack-horse           v. a formal and polite way of speaking to a woman

f.  Madam                  vi. to manage to do or complete something

g.  dogged                  vii. the main meal of the day


a.  mean                      iv. unkind

b.  get through           vi. to manage to do or complete something

c.  dinner                    vii. the main meal of the day

d.  break down          iii. cease to function; collapse

e.  pack-horse           ii.  a horse that is used to carry heavy loads

f.  Madam                  v. a formal and polite way of speaking to a woman

g.  dogged                  i.  not giving up easily


B. Answer the following questions.

a.    Was the Madam really not mean? Why does the speaker say 'she wasn't mean'?

b.   Make a list of work that the maid had to do.

c.    What made her nearly break down?

d.   How did the Madam respond to the maid's question?


a.    No, the madam was really mean. The speaker says 'she wasn't mean' because she is so polite and frank in speaking but she makes her do hard labour.

b.   The list of work that the maid had to do are:

a.      Clean 12 rooms of the house

b.      Prepare all meals

c.      Take care of her children

d.      Wash, iron an scrub

c.    The heavy duties of the mistress made her nearly break down.

d.   The madam responded very politely and lovingly to the maid's question.


C. The poem above presents an example of one type of discrimination. What kinds of discrimination are in existence in your society? Discuss.



Nepal is a multilingual, multicultural and multireligious country. The same situation is appeared in my society too. There are some good as well as some bad practices seen. We can find discrimination and social inequality in my society.


Discrimination can be based on a variety of factors, including age, gender, weight, ethnicity, religion, or even politics. Racism, for example, refers to prejudice and discrimination based on race. Gender bias or discrimination is sometimes referred to as sexism. In other words, discrimination is the practice of distinguishing, excluding, or favoring persons based on their race, color, gender, religion, political beliefs, or any other form of social status. Such a preference or exclusion is discriminatory in the sense that it negates or damages equality of opportunity and favors some over others in job, vocation, political power control, distribution, and usage. Such discriminations are found in my society.


Preferences given to one segment of society over another in the distribution and distribution of social privileges and chances is a major violation of human rights. It is a very bad practice. A number of international organisations and agreements have proclaimed that equality in life possibilities is a fundamental human right of all people living wherever in the globe. However, the international community's concern and associated voices made by civil society are not taken seriously in many locations. It should be taken seriously and and should be controlled.


Not only in my society but also in many regions of the world continue to face discrimination on the basis of their race, color, creed, caste, gender, and ethnicity. The people of the world are facing this problem. I request the government, NGOs, INGOs and so-called social organisations to work seriously to control such social evils.


Grammar II (page 155)

Fill in the blanks with a, an or the where necessary. If no article is necessary put a cross (X).

a.      A: Where did you have……lunch?

      B: We went to ……restaurant.

b.      A: Did you have …….nice holiday?        

B: Yes, it was …….best holiday I've ever had.

c.      A: Where's …..nearest grocery shop?      

B: There is one at …..end of this street.

d.      A: Do you often listen to……. radio?      

B: No. In fact, I haven't got ……radio.

e.      A: Would you like to travel in ……

      B: Yes, I'd love to go to ………Moon.

f.       A: Do you go to …….cinema very often?

      B: No. But I do watch a lot of films on …….television.

g.      A: You had …….. nice time yesterday, didn't you?       

B: Yes, we went for a walk by …….. Narayani River.

h.      A: Can you tell me where ……… head teacher's room is?

      B: It's on …….. second floor.


a.      A: (X)

      B: a

b.      A: a   

B: the

c.      A: the            

B: the

d.      A: the            

B: a

e.      A: (X)

      B: the

f.       A: the

      B: the

g.      A: a   

B: the

h.      A: the

      B: the

i.        A: (X)

      B: (X)



Writing II (page 156)

Write a short biography of Nepali National Poet, Madav Prasad Ghimire, based on the outline given below.

Madhav Prasad Ghimire

Birth:             23 September, 1919, Pustun, Lamjung

Childhood:   brought up by his father and grandfather after his mother’s death learned the Panchanga, went to Duradanda, Lamjung, and later to Kathmandu to study Sanskrit, studied in Banaras, India too

Career :         writing career began in Lamjung as a writer for Bhashanubad Parishad, and later as an editor for The Gorkhapatra

Works  :        Gauri (epic), Malati Mangale, Manjari, Indrakumari, Rastra Nirmata, Kinnar-Kinnari (lyrical anthology), Charu Charcha (essay collection), Aafno Bansuri Aafnai Geet, Himal Pari Himal Wari, Aswathama, Rajheswari and  Shakuntala (epic)

Awards and Honours: Distinguished Academy Medal-Shree Prasiddha Praval Gorkha Dakshinabahu -Bhanubhakta Award-Tribhuwan Pragya Puraskar-Padmashree Sadhana Samman Puraskar-Sajha Award

Personal Life: six daughters and two sons from two marriages

Death :          18 August 2020 at the age of 100, Lainchaur, Kathmandu- cremated with state honours



Madhav Prasad Ghimire:

Madhav Prasad Ghimire was born on September 23, 1919, in a town known as Pustun, in Lamjung district of Nepal. Ghimire's mother died when he was around a year and a half, and he grew up in the Lamjung. His father and grandparents raised him among the hills, forests, rivers, and peaceful streams of rural Nepal. He learnt to read at the age of six, and the Panchanga at the age of eight or nine. He left home at the age of eleven and went to Duradada to study Sanskrit. Ghimire's first instructor was a holy man who taught him and his classmates the English letters from an old grammar book. His formal education began when he was 12 years old, when his father sent him to study astrology, which he directed for more than two years. He was then sent to the Bhasa Patshala language school, which was approximately two hours distant from his village. He then moved to Kathmandu to study in Sanskrit Pradhan Pathshala and Tindhara Sanskrit Pathsala. He subsequently moved to India to continue studying and spend time studying at Banaras.

His writing career began in Lamjung as a writer of Bhashanubad Parishad. At the age of 14, he had his first publication in Gorkhapatra. Gyanpuspa was the title of his work. Later in life, he served as a co-editor for Gorkhapatra. He worked as a writer for Bhashanubad Parishad (1941 AD) and as co-editor of Gorkhapatra after graduation from Banaras (1944 AD). He returned to his birthplace in 2008 and worked as a teacher for a short time. Ghimire was vice chancellor of the Royal Academy of Nepal from 1979 to 1988 and chancellor from 1988 to 1990. During his tenure, he led delegations to China, Russia and Bangladesh.

He is highly renowned for his inspiring works such as Gauri, Malati Mangale, Manjari, Indrakumari, Rastra Nirmata, Kinnar-Kinnari (lyrical anthology), Charu Charcha (essay collection), Aafno Bansuri Aafnai Geet, Himal Pari Himal Wari, Aswathama, Rajheswari, and Shakuntala (epic). He was named Nepal's Rashtra Kavi (national poet). He is probably one of the few Nepalese poets who achieve fame and prosperity rather than the unfortunate oblivion that is usually bestowed upon them.

For his distinguished service, he was awarded the Distinguished Academy Medal, the Shree Prasiddha Praval Gorkha Dakshinabahu, the Bhanubhakta Prize, and the Tribhuwan Pragya Puraskar. He also earned the Padmashree Sadhana Samman Puraskar and the Sajha Award.

A proud father of six daughters and two boys, all of whom were highly educated, the stunning jewel of the country lived his golden years calmly with his second wife, Mahakali. At the final part of his life, he didn't have much time to write.

He died in Kathmandu on August 18, 2020, at the age of 100. In Lainchaur, Kathmandu, he was cremated with full state honors.


For previous part CLICK HERE.

For Contents CLICK HERE.

For unit eleven CLICK HERE.

For unit thirteen CLICK HERE.

Other notes

For class 6 CLICK HERE.

For unit 7 CLICK HERE.

For class 11 CLICK HERE.

For class 12 CLICK HERE.


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