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Unit 8: Hobbies and Interests (Class 10) Part I

 Unit 8: Hobbies and Interests

Reading I (page 119)

Common Hobbies

A. Match the following meanings in the left column with the correct words in the right.

A. Write synonyms and antonyms for the following words from the text.

a. unrevealed (synonym)

c. boring (antonym)

e. healing (synonym)

b. sharpen (synonym)

d. unexcited (antonym)

f. frame (synonym)

a. unrevealed (synonym) = hidden

c. boring (antonym) = hone

e. healing (synonym) = exciting

b. sharpen (synonym) = passionate

d. unexcited (antonym) = therapeutic

f. frame (synonym) = easel

B. Find the meanings of the following words/phrases from a dictionary and use them in sentences of your own.

a. ignite

b. in-demand

c. let off

d. a notch

e. passionate

f. refurbishing

g. a blog

h. hanging out

Meanings of the words or phrases

a. ignite - verb cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat; arouse or excite feelings and passions; start to burn or burst into flames
b. in demand - adj. greatly desired
c. let off – verb punish someone lightly or not at all for a misdemeanour or offence

d. a notch - noun a small cut; a V-shaped or U-shaped indentation carved or scratched into a surface; a V-shaped indentation; the location in a range of mountains of a geological formation that is lower than the surrounding peaks; verb notch a surface to record something; cut or make a notch into
e. passionate - adj. having or expressing strong emotions
f. refurbishing - verb renovating and redecorating (something, especially a building)

g. a blog - noun a shared on-line journal where people can post diary entries about their personal experiences and hobbies; verb read, write, or edit a shared on-line journal
h. hanging out - verb spending a lot of time in a place or with someone

Use in sentences

a. He used a matchstick to ignite the candles on the birthday cake.

b. Due to her skills and experience, she was always in-demand in the job market.

c. The police officer let off the driver with a warning instead of issuing a ticket.

d. He turned up the volume a notch so that he could hear the music more clearly.

e. She is a passionate advocate for animal rights and works tirelessly to promote their welfare.

f. The company is currently refurbishing their old office building to modernize it and improve working conditions.

g. She writes a fashion blog where she posts about her personal style and fashion trends.

h. We spent the afternoon hanging out at the beach, playing volleyball and enjoying the sun.

C. Write True if the information is true, False if it is false and NG, if the information is not given in the text.

a. Outdoor hobbies are more popular than indoor hobbies.

b. You need more effort for reading than for other hobbies.

c. Only good dancers choose dancing as their hobby.

d. Antiques are also used for interior decoration in a house.

e. Paintings can be used to express your feelings.

f. People who choose photography as their hobbies are pro photographers.

g. Keeping journals helps people become successful.

h. Flexibility in time and place is the best part of knitting.

a. Outdoor hobbies are more popular than indoor hobbies. False

b. You need more effort for reading than for other hobbies. False

c. Only good dancers choose dancing as their hobby. False

d. Antiques are also used for interior decoration in a house. NG

e. Paintings can be used to express your feelings. True

f. People who choose photography as their hobbies are pro photographers. False

g. Keeping journals helps people become successful. True

h. Flexibility in time and place is the best part of knitting. True


D. Answer these questions.

a. What aspects of our life influence the hobbies we choose?

b. What makes reading the most popular hobby?

c. How can people practise dancing?

d. What things are necessary for one to go with painting?

e. Write the benefits of doing photography.

f. Why has writing become a popular hobby?

g. How can knitting be rewarding to a person?

a. The aspects of our life that influence the hobbies we choose include our interests, personality, skills, cultural values, and availability of resources.

b. Reading is the most popular hobby because it is a versatile activity that can be enjoyed alone or with others, it can be done anywhere, and it provides opportunities for learning, entertainment, and personal growth.

c. People can practise dancing by putting some music on in their living room, or joining a dance studio, or taking some online dancing courses.

d. Some paints and brushes are the things that are necessary for one to go with painting.

e. Doing photography allows us to preserve memories, and create beautiful pictures that we can display on our walls.

f. Writing has become a popular hobby because of the freedom it offers. People d about anything and everything, from how they spent their day to new recipes.

g. Knitting can be rewarding to a person because it gives us the chance to make good use of our free time.


E. Do you think a person's hobby really helps him/her in professional career? Discuss.


Yes, I think a person's hobby really helps him/her in professional career. People can increase their skills through their hobbies. They can help humans progress toward perfection. Hobby-based skill development can be a rewarding way for people to advance their professional careers. If they are very skilled in their pastimes, they can reach the pinnacle of perfection. People can enhance their range of skills by engaging in hobbies. They may put all of their skills to work and succeed in reaching their objectives. The most crucial factor is having a love for what you do. People will succeed in their professional careers if they devote themselves with passion to their hobbies. People learn how to live their life through their hobbies. People want to work in fields where they feel free to express their passion and creativity. Hobbies can help you unwind and feel more satisfied at work, which boosts output and improves performance.


Grammar I

A. Complete the following sentences with the correct passive forms of the verbs.

a. Ganga feeds the clogs.

b. The police catch a lot of criminals in London.

c. They often help us.

d. They don't rent cars there.

e. Do you turn the laptop on first?

f. Somebody follows me home every evening.

g. We usually leave a saucer of milk for the cat.

h. I like journalists following me on the way.

i. I loathe people pulling my hair.

j. Ashmina adores teachers checking her notebooks.

k. Deuniya does not mind anyone mocking at him.



a. The dogs are fed by Ganga.

b. A lot of criminals are caught in London.

c. We are often helped.

d. Cars aren't rented there.

e. Is the laptop turned on first?

f. Every evening I am followed home.

g. A saucer of milk is usually left for the cat.

h. I like being followed on the way.

i. I loathe having my hair pulled.

j. Ashmina adores having her notebooks checked.

k. Deuniya does not mind being mocked at him.


B. Change the following sentences into passive voice.

a. The gardener waters the flowers every day.

b. People see foxes in their gardens at night.

c. We expect students not to talk during examination.

d. Rivers of fresh water form this lake.

e. National parks attract many domestic and foreign tourists.

f. They promise him higher wages.

g. Does Biraj always beat Balgopal?

h. Nobody knows the secret.

i. They are sure to help the helpless.

j. Scientists have to discover a more effective vaccine for Covid-19.

k. What do they prefer to eat?

l. Sources say most people in the region are still illiterate.


a. The flowers are watered every day by the gardener.

b. Foxes are seen in their gardens at night.

c. Students are expected not to talk during examination.

d. This lake is formed by rivers of fresh water.

e. Many domestic and foreign tourists are attracted by National parks.

f. He is promised higher wages.

g. Is Balgopal always beaten by Biraj?

h. The secret is not known.

i. The helpless are sure to be helped.

j. A more effective vaccine for Covid-19 has to be discovered by scientists.

k. What is preferred to eat?

1. It is said by sources that most people in the region are still illiterate


Writing I

People have different hobbies and interests which may lead them to their careers they adopt. Write an essay on your hobbies explaining how they might influence your career.


My Hobby: A Source of Joy and Inspiration

Hobbies are pastimes or the activities that people engage in to unwind and enjoy themselves. They could be anything from engaging in physical activity to reading, writing, creating art, or even gardening. Hobbies can affect our professional choices in addition to giving us an opportunity to relax and divert our attention from work or education. Hobbies are like windows to the soul, offering a glimpse into one's passions, interests, and creative inclinations. Among numerous of activities that enrich human lives, my hobby holds a special place: painting. With a palette of colors and a canvas before me, I find myself transported to a realm of boundless imagination and self-expression.


Painting is not merely a pastime; it's a way of capturing emotions, ideas, and beauty on a blank canvas. Through brushstrokes and color combinations, I can convey my thoughts and feelings that might be too complex for words alone. Each stroke carries a part of me, reflecting my mood, perspective, and even the world around me. Whether it's a vibrant landscape or an abstract composition, the act of painting engulfs me in a sense of tranquility and fulfillment.


Engaging in my hobby offers a wonderful escape from the demands of everyday life. In the midst of a busy routine, those moments spent with brushes and paints are a respite, allowing me to unwind and detach from stressors. It's a form of meditation, where the outside world fades away, and all that matters is the creative process and the masterpiece unfolding before me.


Moreover, my hobby serves as a wellspring of inspiration. It fuels my curiosity, encouraging me to explore different techniques, styles, and subject matters. Whether it's studying the works of renowned artists or experimenting with new mediums, every encounter with my hobby broadens my artistic horizons.


In conclusion, my hobby of painting isn't just a leisure activity; it's an integral part of my identity and well-being. Through its therapeutic effects and creative outlets, it brings me joy, satisfaction, and an avenue for self-discovery. As I dip my brush into the world of colors, I uncover not only the potential of the canvas but also the endless possibilities within myself.


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For Grade 7 CLICK HERE.

For Grade 8 CLICK HERE.

For Grade 9 CLICK HERE.

For Grade 10 CLICK HERE.

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For Grade 12 CLICK HERE.


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